Hawraman

Farshid Tighehsaz
Objavljeno 03.07.2017.
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Ljudi iz Havramana ovaj ritual nazivaju „Venčanje Pir-e Šalijara”. Ceremonija se važna i sastoji od aktivnog učešća lokalnog stanovništva u socijalnim i kulturnim događajima koji se svake godine održavaju i unapređuju. Iako se ovaj događaj može razumeti i kao venčanje u njenoj osnovi je tradicionalna ceremonija u kojoj se ljudi obraćaju Bogu.

Havraman je planinski region koji se nalazi u provincijama Iranskog Kurdistana i Kermanšana koji je u zapadnom Iranu. Reč Havraman je složenica i dolazi od reči Ahura (božanstvo iz Zoroastrijske tradicije) i Man što znači mesto, dom ili zemlja. Tako da Havraman znači zemlja Ahuramazde ili mesto Ahuramazde (staro persijsko ime za boga).

Pir (sveti) Šalijar je hram koji se ovde nalazi. Prema istoričarima i lokalnim stanovnicima Pir Šalijar je bio sin Jamasba, jednog od duhovnih vođa Zoroastra koji je živeo u Havramanu. Praznik Pir Šalijara se održava četrdesetog dana zime i tradicionalno se slavi u Kurdistanu. Svetkovina se sastoji od tri dela, koji se održavaju svakog dana tokom tri praznične nedelje. Pir Šalijar je prema verovanju izlečio i potom oženio princezu, a ova ceremonija slavi njihovo venčanje. Pir predstavlja najvišu titulu u Mitrizmu i Zoroastrizmu. Njegov grob se nalazi u iranskoj regiji Kurdistan.


Hawraman’s people call this ritual “Wedding of Pir-e Shaliar.“ The ceremony is indicative of the active participation of people in social and cultural events, and every year it is held more gloriously than before. Although this ritual is referred to as a wedding, it is in essence a traditional ceremony during which people pray to God.

Hawraman is a mountainous region located within the provinces of the Iraqi Kurdistan and Kermanshah which is situated in western Iran.

The word Hawraman is a compound noun: “Hawra” that means Ahura and “Man” which means the place, home, or land. So, Hawraman means the land of “Ahuramazda” or the place of Ahuramazda.
Pir (saint/magi) Shalyar is one of the historical temples being located among them. According to historians and local residents, Pir Shalyar was Jamasb’s son and Jamasb was one of the Zoroastrian spiritual leaders who lived in Hawraman. The festival of Pir Shalyar is an old traditional ceremony in Kurdistan. It is held on the 40th day of winter. The celebration is held in three stages, each in a day of three consecutive weeks. Pir Shalyar is believed to have cured a princess and married her, the ceremony marks their marriage. Pir is the highest rank in Mithraism and Zoroastrianism. His tomb is located in the Kurdistan province of Iran.

Foto: Farshid Tighehsaz

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